Ambarawa ††††††††††††† Soemowono††††††††† Central-Java

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† March 24, 2011

 

Camp Location

Soemowono was about 10 kilometers north-west of Ambarawa. The camp consisted of three rows of barracks on a hill (terraced above each other) with several outbuildings. The entrance was on the high side of the camp. Each barrack had a door on each end and four doors along the sides. The barracks were connected by open galleys.

 

Japanese Camp Commander

Patiknio (Indonesian)

 

Dutch Camp Leader

Mrs. A. M. A. Boodt

 

Transports (source: Atlas Japanse Kampen)

Date

Arrived from

Transferred to

Number

in

transport

Total

number

in camp

Individual

type

Dec. 27, 1942

Surrounding Area (1)

 

550

550

w,ch

Mar. 15, 1944

 

Amb: Ambarawa 6

350

200

w,ch

Mar 15 1944(2)

 

Amb: Ambarawa 7

200

0

w,ch

Abbreviations / Notes

ch=children, w=women; Amb=Ambarawa

(1) Mainly from Soerakarta (via a school in Kletjo, near Poerwosari, some kilometers west ofSoerakarta)

(2) According to Wendelaar Bonga March 24, 1944

 

References

Andel-Rutgers, Mw I.C. van - Dagboek, NIOD, IC dagboek 162 (diary)

Beekhuis, H. et al - Japanse burgerkampen in Nederlands-IndiŽ, Volume 2, pg 86-87

Beers, Thea - Oproep, Kawatberichten 21/4, pg 36 (names from a camp journal)

Bos, Annie - Rode aarde, 2001, pg 252-264

Bruggen, M.P. van et al - Djokja en Solo, Beeld van de Vorstensteden, 1998, pg 67

Coenders, H.M. - Solo/Soerakarta, waar ik geboren ben, Kawatberichten 12, nr 3 (July/August 1994), pg 23

Dulm, J. van et al - Atlas Japanse Kampen, Volume I, 2000, pg 149

H.C. - Is er mee te leven?, Kawatberichten 14, nr 1 (February 1996), pg 32

Lenderink-Talsma, E. - Vierduizend mensen en een koeiekop, 1995, pg 35-44

Wendelaar Bonga, Dieuwke - Eight prison camps, 1996, pg 57-77

Wits, Mw W. - Dagboek, NIOD, IC dagboek 117 (diary)

 

Photographs / Drawings:

Boza-de Veer, Mw J. - Persoonlijke mededeling (photographs taken in 1995)

 

Rosters

Ellerbeck, F.J.J. - Persoonlijke mededeling (names embroidered on a dress)

Valewink-Verheul, Mw J. Ė ReŁnielijst, SAIP, OP 475

 

Camp Map

Beekhuis, H. et al - Japanse burgerkampen in Nederlands-IndiŽ, Volume 2, pg 87

Dulm, J. van et al - Atlas Japanse Kampen, Volume II, 2002, pg 127

Liesker, Hans Ė Wij weten van hoe, Jongenskampen in Ambarawa, 2005, pg 92

Vliet, H.van - NIOD, IC 033207, dagboek 115 (diary)

Wendelaar Bonga, Dieuwke - Eight prison camps, 1996, pg 160

 

Soemowono Camp Map

 

 

Index ††††††††† Camps on Java