Civilian Camp Populations as of August 23, 1945

 

June 8, 2011

 

Below is an overview of camp populations (number of internees per camp) for all the civilian camps in existence on August 23, 1945.

 

Source: this website

 

NL = Dutch

E = English-speakers (mostly British, but other nationalities as well)

 

Region

 

Camp

Per camp

NL

Per region

NL

Per island

NL

Per camp

E

JAVA

 

 

 

 

 

Batavia

ADEK

1.100

 

 

900

 

Glodok

600

 

 

 

 

Halimoen

?

 

 

 

 

Kampong Makassar

3.500

 

 

 

 

Kramat

2.000

 

 

 

 

Mater Dolorosa

1.000

 

 

 

 

Sint Vincentius

1.200

 

 

 

 

Struiswijk

1.400

 

 

 

 

Tjideng

11.000

 

 

 

 

Tjipinang

?

21.200

 

 

Buitenzorg

Kedoeng Halang

100

 

 

 

 

Kelapanoenggal

145

 

 

 

 

Sempoer

25

270

 

 

Tjimahi

4e en 9e Bataljon

8.000

 

 

 

 

Baros 5

2.400

 

 

 

 

Baros 6

1.700

 

 

 

 

Goenoeng Haloe

325

 

 

 

 

Pasir Benteng

150

12.575

 

 

Bandoeng

15e Bataljon

8.000

 

 

 

 

Soekamiskin

?

 

 

 

 

Tjiboenoet

?

 

 

 

 

Tjihapit

31

8.031

 

 

Semarang

Bangkong

1.300

 

 

 

 

Halmaheira

3.300

 

 

 

 

Lampersari

7.600

12.200

 

 

Ambarawa

Ambarawa 6

4.000

 

 

 

 

Ambarawa 7

2.500

 

 

 

 

Ambarawa 9

700

 

 

 

 

Banjoebiroe 10

5.300

 

 

 

 

Banjoebiroe 11

2.300

 

 

 

 

Banjoebiroe 12

1.200

16.000

70.000

 

SUMATRA

 

 

 

 

 

North

Aek Pamienke I

1.400

 

 

 

 

Aek Pamienke II

2.000

 

 

 

 

Aek Pamienke III

1.300

 

 

 

 

Padang Halaban

170

 

 

100

 

Sirengorengo

2.000

6870

 

 

Central

Bangkinang (m)

976

 

 

 

 

Bangkinang (w)

2.150

3125

 

70

South

Belalau (m)

572

 

 

90

 

Belalau (w)

545

1117

11.000

350

BORNEO

 

 

 

 

 

North

Batoe Lintang (m)

214

 

 

 

 

Batoe Lintang (pr)

105

 

 

 

 

Batoe Lintang (w)

225

544

 

40

South

Kandangan (m)

54

 

 

 

 

Kandangan (w)

167

 

 

 

 

Kandangan (mi)

24

245

800

 

CELEBES

 

 

 

 

 

North

Teling

110

 

 

 

 

Airmadidi

300

410

 

 

South

Bolong

600

 

 

 

 

Kampili

1633

2.233

2.600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

85.000

1.500

m=men, mi=missionaries, pr=priests, w=women

? = unknown (number of internees is not known)

 

 

Conclusions

* The total number of civilian internees at the time the Japanese surrendered was approximately 86,500 (including 1,500 non-Dutch).
* Assuming an average mortality rate of around 13%, this means some 100,000 civilians were interned during the Japanese occupation.

 

 

References (camp populations)

Heijmans-van Bruggen, Mariska Vrouwenkamp Ambarawa 6, 2001, p. 19 (100,000 internees)

Nederlanders in Japanse kampen, Tentoonstellingscatalogus, 1976, p. 29 (96,000 internees)

Velden, D. van De Japanse Burgerkampen, 3rd Edition, 1977, pp. 70 , 539 , 531, 540, 541 (95,000 internees)

 

References (mortality rates)

Heijmans-van Bruggen, Mariska Vrouwenkamp Ambarawa 6, 2001, p. 19 (13% mortality rate)

Nederlanders in Japanse kampen, Tentoonstellingscatalogus, 1976, p. 29 (12,600 total deaths)

Velden, D. van De Japanse Burgerkampen, 3rd Edition, 1977, p. 366 (13% mortality rate on Java)

 

 

 

Index